Optimized oxidoreductases for medium and large scale industrial biotransformations
Project Secretariat
Dr Marta Pérez-Boada
E-mail: MPBoada@cib.csic.es
Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)
Biological Research Centre (CIB)
Calle Ramiro de Maeztu 9, E-28040 Madrid, Spain
Phone: 34 918373112
Fax: 34 915360432
Mobile: 34 650080476
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Total records: 122
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[ 2018 ] Carro J, Fernandez-Fueyo E, Fernández-Alonso C, Cañada J, Ullrich R, Hofrichter M, Alcalde M, Ferreira P, Martínez AT Self-sustained enzymatic cascade for the production of 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid from 5-methoxymethylfurfural Biotechnol. Biofuels, 11: 86-96
[ 2018 ] Carro J, Ferreira P, Martínez AT, Gadda G Stepwise Hydrogen Atom and Proton Transfers in Dioxygen Reduction by Aryl-Alcohol Oxidase Biochemistry, doi: 10.1021/acs.biochem.8b00106
[ 2018 ] Ewing TA, van Noord A, Paul CE, van Berkel WJ A Xylenol Orange-Based Screening Assay for the Substrate Specificity of Flavin-Dependent para-Phenol Oxidases Molecules, 23: 164-182
[ 2018 ] Gygli G, de Vries RP, van Berkel WJ On the origin of vanillyl alcohol oxidases Fungal Gen. Biol., 116: 24-32
[ 2018 ] Leonhardt S, Büttner E, Gebauer AM, Hofrichter M, Kellner H Draft Genome Sequence of the Sordariomycete Lecythophora (Coniochaeta) hoffmannii CBS 245.38 Genome Announc., 6
[ 2018 ] Martínez AT, Camarero S, Ruiz-Dueñas FJ, Martínez MJ Biological Lignin Degradation Lignin Valorization: Emerging Approaches. Ed. Gregg Beckham. RSC: 199-225
Side chain removal from corticosteroids by unspecific peroxygenase
Ullrich R, Poraj-Kobielska M, Scholze S, Halbout C, Sandvoss M, Pecyna MJ, Scheibner K, Hofrichter M
J. Inorg. Biochem., 183: 84-93

Two unspecific peroxygenases (UPO, EC from the basidiomycetous fungi Marasmius rotula and Marasmius wettsteinii oxidized steroids with hydroxyacetyl and hydroxyl functionalities at C17 - such as cortisone, Reichstein substance S and prednisone - via stepwise oxygenation and final fission of the side chain. The sequential oxidation started with the hydroxylation of the terminal carbon (C21) leading to a stable geminal alcohol (e.g. cortisone 21-gem-diol) and proceeded via a second oxygenation resulting in the corresponding alpha-ketocarboxylic acid (e.g. cortisone 21-oic acid). The latter decomposed under formation of adrenosterone (4-androstene-3,11,17-trione) as well as formic acid and carbonic acid (that is in equilibrium with carbon dioxide); fission products comprising two carbon atoms such as glycolic acid or glyoxylic acid were not detected. Protein models based on the crystal structure data of MroUPO (Marasmius rotula unspecific peroxygenase) revealed that the bulky cortisone molecule suitably fits into the enzyme access channel, which enables the heme iron to come in close contact to the carbons (C21, C20) of the steroidal side chain. ICP-MS analysis of purified MroUPO confirmed the presence of magnesium supposedly stabilizing the porphyrin ring system.

Official webpage of indox [ industrialoxidoreductases ]. Optimized oxidoreductases for medium and large scale industrial biotransformations. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under Grant Agreement nº: FP7-KBBE-2013-7-613549. © indox 2013. Developed by garcíarincón